Diesel engines have long been renowned for their durability and efficiency. These engines are more powerful as compared to gas engines. However, one key component is often overlooked when it comes to these engines: DEF fluid. When choosing the best DEF fluid, there are many options on the market, and it can be hard to know which one is the best for your needs.
This fluid is an essential part of any diesel-powered truck. When shopping for DEF fluid, choosing a high-quality product that will work well with your truck is essential. This blog post will discuss the well-liked DEF fluid of 2022 based on different factors and help you decide which one is right for you.
What Is DEF Fluid?
DEF stands for diesel exhaust fluid. It is a urea and water-based solution used in diesel vehicles equipped with SCR technology. An SCR system, also known as a Selective Catalytic Reduction technology, is a diesel engine emission control technology that injects a catalyst, mainly DEF fluid, into the exhaust stream of a diesel engine.
Diesel engines produce nitrogen oxides from combustion, so using DEF helps reduce these emissions. This fluid reacts with nitrogen oxide gas in the exhaust and converts them into harmless nitrogen and water vapor. Selective Catalytic Reduction technology can provide significant NOx reduction compared to other emission control technologies and is becoming increasingly common in new diesel engines.
Selective Catalytic Reduction technology is designed to work with specific types of diesel engines. Water is used in higher amounts than urea in DEF. Typically, 32.5 percent of urea and 67.5 percent of water are present.
Is Diesel Exhaust Fluid Mandatory Today?
Diesel engines are commonly used in heavy-duty vehicles such as trucks and buses. For important needs, it can be purchased in a DEF 55 Gallon Drum. While these heavy-duty engines are efficient and powerful, they also produce emissions that can harm the environment and human health. One of the primary pollutants emitted by these heavy-duty diesel engines is particulate matter. It is a type of pollution that consists of tiny particles that can be inhaled into the lungs.
Diesel engines also produce other emissions, such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide, which can contribute to air pollution. NOx and PM can contribute to smog and respiratory problems, while SO2 can cause acid rain. While you can reduce some of these emissions through cleaner-burning fuels, diesel engines will continue to produce some pollution. Therefore, installing a Selective Catalytic Reduction system that will use diesel exhaust fluid to reduce these emissions effectively is mandatory.
What to Look For When Searching For the Best DEF Fluid
DEF is a relatively new product in the market, and while it is not required by law in all states, it is becoming more and more popular as awareness of environmental issues grows. If you are considering using DEF in your diesel engine, there are a few things you should look for to ensure you are getting the best product possible.
First, you should ensure that the best DEF fluid you are considering is certified by the EPA. The EPA has many standards covering everything from air pollution to hazardous waste. The EPA’s standards are based on scientific research and input from stakeholders. The agency works with scientists, industry, and the public to develop these standards. This certification ensures that the product meets specific standards for quality and performance. If the DEF is not certified by EPA, then it means that it is useless, and you are just wasting your money on this fluid.
Nozzles for DEF fluid are available in a variety of sizes and designs. Some nozzles are designed for specific types of vehicles, while others are universal and can be used with any vehicle. Different types of DEF nozzles are on the market, and choosing the right one can be challenging. DEF nozzles are available in various materials, including stainless steel, brass, and plastic. Stainless steel nozzles are the most durable but also the most expensive. Brass nozzles are a middle-of-the-road option, while plastic nozzles are the most affordable and least durable.
While DEF fluid is generally considered a safe and effective way to reduce emissions, it can become contaminated with impurities that can reduce efficiency. DEF contains impurities like aluminum, zinc and copper. While buying DEF fluid, ensure that there should not be excessive impurities present.
Other common impurities in DEF fluid include dirt, dust, and water. These impurities can come from various sources, including the environment, the manufacturing process, and DEF itself. Contaminated DEF fluid can cause several problems, including decreased NOx reduction, increased engine wear, and reduced mileage.
Urea is an essential component of DEF fluid, whose quality and quantity can significantly impact the performance of the best DEF fluid. It is typically sourced from two primary sources: synthetic urea and natural urea. Urea from either source can be of high quality, but synthetic one is purer and thus more expensive.
The urea should be pure and free of impurities. It should also be of a high quality so that it dissolves quickly and evenly in the fluid. The quantity of urea used in DEF fluid is also essential, as too much or too little urea can adversely affect the performance of the fluid.
You need to have a proper amount of DEF on hand at all times. The total quantity of DEF you need will vary depending on the size of your vehicle’s gas tank, how often you drive and the model of your SCR system. One gallon of DEF lasts between 300 to 400 miles. However, a good rule is to buy at least 2.5 gallons of DEF fluid for every 750 to 800 miles. If you are planning a road trip that is 1,600 miles long, you should buy at least 5 gallons of DEF fluid.
The 5 Best DEF Fluid of 2022
A common question that comes in mind when buying DEF fluid is what is the best DEF fluid you should buy. To answer this question, below is a list of recommended DEF fluids.
Prestone Command DEF HD1001
Prestone Command DEF HD1001 is a heavy-duty diesel exhaust fluid that helps reduce diesel engine emissions. This company has been in the DEF business for over 70 years. It is made with a unique patent-pending formula that provides superior protection against soot, corrosion, and degradation.
Prestone HD1001-2PK Command Diesel Exhaust Fluid - 2.5 Gallon (Pack of 2)
It is also easy to use with the SCR system and is compatible with all major diesel engine manufacturers. A nationwide warranty also backs it, so you can relax as you are getting a quality product. One gallon of prestone command DEF HD1001 is cheaper than other DEF fluids. Storing prestone command fluid at 80 degrees reduces its shelf life.
Blue DEF002 Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Blue Def is one of the leading brands of DEF on the market, and its products are available in various sizes and concentrations. Whether you need a small amount for your vehicle or a large quantity for a fleet of vehicles, Blue Def has a product that will fit your needs. Its one-gallon can cover up to 300 miles.
Blue Def DEF002-2PK Diesel Exhaust Fluid, 2.5 Gallon, 2 Pack
BlueDEF DEF001 Diesel Exhaust Fluid - 55 Gallon Drum
It helps in reducing cancer-causing chemical compounds. This fluid works effectively in a Selective Catalytic Reduction system and follows the EPA regulations. One of its disadvantages is that it has a high price than other types of fluids because of its high quality.
Ford Fluid PM-27-Jug DEF
Genuine Ford Fluid PM-27-Jug DEF is a premium quality product that meets the highest performance and durability standards. You can use this product in Ford vehicles, and a manufacturer’s warranty backs it.
Genuine Ford Fluid PM-27-JUG Diesel Exhaust Fluid - 2.5 Gallon
It is certified by EPA and works in maintaining the SCR diesel engines. It also has a specifically designed nozzle, so you do not have to worry about leaks when pouring it into the gas tank. One of its cons is that its one gallon is expensive, and some of its products may or may not come with a nozzle.
Valvoline Premium Blue DEF
Valvoline Premium Blue DEF is another best DEF fluid, and Valvoline’s reputation backs it for quality and performance. It is a non-hazardous solution that helps keep your diesel engine running clean and efficient. It is made with a high-quality urea solution and is designed to meet the needs of today’s diesel engines.
Valvoline 729566-2PK Premium Blue Diesel Exhaust Fluid - 1 Gallon, (Case of 2)
This new product is made with a unique formula that helps to improve your truck’s fuel economy and reduce emissions. If you are looking for a way to improve your truck’s performance, then Valvoline Premium Blue DEF is the right choice for you. This fluid works very well at low temperatures and protects from hazardous chemicals.
Sinopec Diesel Exhaust Fluid for Cummins Engine
Diesel Particulate Filter regeneration is a crucial maintenance function for Cummins heavy-duty engines operating on Sinopec DEF. During regeneration, Sinopec DEF is injected into the exhaust stream to enable the thermal decomposition of soot and other particulates collected in the DPF.
This regeneration process helps to ensure that the DPF continues to function correctly and does not become clogged. Sinopec DEF is the only fluid that you should use for this purpose. Using a gallon of Sinopec DEF will help ensure optimal engine performance and will help to extend the life of your Cummins engine.
Shelf Life of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
The shelf life of a particular product is the length of time that the product can be safely stored before it begins to spoil. The stability of the urea solution determines the shelf life of DEF. Urea is an organic compound that is very stable in solution, so the shelf life of DEF is typically one to two years.
However, the DEF may degrade if exposed to high temperatures or sunlight for extended periods. Similarly, if it is exposed to air, it will slowly degrade and become ineffective. This is why it is essential to keep DEF in a sealed container and to use it before the expiration date.
What Happens If You Run Out of DEF Fluid?
If you run out of your best DEF fluid, your engine will not run as efficiently and will produce more emissions. In some cases, your engine may also enter into a limp mode, running at reduced power to protect itself from damage.
If you find yourself running low on DEF fluid, it is essential to refill it as soon as possible. You can purchase DEF fluid at most auto parts stores, which is relatively inexpensive. Running out of DEF fluid is not a significant problem, but it is something you should avoid if possible.
What Happens If You Put DEF Fluid In The Wrong Tank?
DEF fluid is typically stored in a separate tank from the main fuel tank. If you mistakenly put DEF fluid in the gas tank, it can cause damage to your vehicle. It can mix with the diesel fuel and clog the fuel filter. This can lead to engine problems and reduced fuel efficiency.
The most likely scenario is that the vehicle will not run properly and stall. If you suspect you have put DEF fluid in the wrong tank, it is crucial to have your vehicle checked by a qualified mechanic as soon as possible.
Final Words on Best DEF Fluid of 2022
While choosing the best DEF fluid for your truck, there are a few things to remember. First, you want to ensure the product meets the latest EPA standards. Second, you should look for a product that is designed for use in your specific type of engine. There are different formulations of DEF, so it is vital to get the one that is best for your engine.
Need a product for all vehicles which you don’t have to worry ? Choose Blue DEF002. If you have a Ford truck, it is best to use Ford Fluid PM-27-Jug DEF. On the other hand, if your truck has a Cummins engine, then you can use Sinopec Diesel Exhaust Fluid. You should also compare the prices of different brands to ensure you are getting a good value.