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You may have used 55 gallon drum kerosene for a long time or be completely unfamiliar with this multipurpose heating oil. In any case, we’ve compiled a list of 9 kerosene facts that you may not be aware of.

According to OFTEC, kerosene is used in 1.5 million US houses, accounting for about 5.6 percent of the 26.4 million homes in the US that are not linked to the gas network. Despite this, many people are unaware of what kerosene is and what it may be used for, or that cleaner, lower-carbon kerosenes are available.

To help clear things up, we’ve put together a quick guide with basic kerosene oil facts that should address most of your questions.

What is Kerosene ?

We will begin with the fundamentals. What is kerosene, exactly? Kerosene, also known as 28-second burning fuel, is a thin, clear liquid distilled from petroleum that is utilized for a variety of purposes all over the world. Kerosene, in particular, is the second most popular home heating oil among property owners.

With so many of us dependent on kerosene in our daily lives, it’s logical that customers are curious about the benefits and drawbacks of this fuel. Really, is kerosene a cost-effective fuel? Is it true that kerosene is harmful to the environment? Is it safe to use kerosene? These are only a few of the most frequently asked questions, so let’s look at the benefits and drawbacks of kerosene.

How is kerosene made ?

Nowadays, making kerosene oil is a rather simple process. Kerosene fuel is a petroleum product made by separating the constituent elements of crude oil.

This method is known as ‘fractional distillation,’ and it produces a clear, thin oil with a density of 0.81 g/cm3 (gram per cubic centimetre). Kerosene has a density of 0.82 g/cm3 while paraffin has a density of 0.8 g/cm3. However, because the two oils are nearly identical, it’s preferable to choose a happy medium, which is 0.81 g/cm3.

So, why is kerosene density important to us? The higher the fuel density, the more fuel can be stored in a tank and pumped out of a pump. Many people who work in businesses that rely on fuels like kerosene and the fine calculations required to get the most out of weight and power would appreciate this.

Advantages of Kerosene

Kerosene is a fossil fuel that is less harmful to the environment

Kerosene produces fewer fumes when burned in its paraffin form than other fossil fuels such as coal or wood. As a result, kerosene is a better alternative when it comes to fossil fuels.

Kerosene is a highly efficient fuel

As home heating oil burns hotter than other energy, kerosene warms homes quicker so can be used for shorter amounts of time. Not only will this cut back on how much oil you need to use, but it will also keep your costs down. To ensure you’re heating up your home most efficiently, you should ensure your boiler is regularly maintained.

Kerosene is inexpensive

Kerosene is a more affordable form of home heating oil due to its low cost of production. You may save even more money on kerosene by purchasing it in bulk and at the proper time of year.

Kerosene is a safe fuel

Indoors, kerosene is safe to use, clean to burn, and store. It doesn’t have any known cancer-causing chemicals in it.

Kerosene is simple to ignite

In the event of a power outage, kerosene can be used to immediately generate light, electricity, or heat. This is especially important if you live in a remote location or are subjected to harsh winter weather.

Kerosene is versatile

Kerosene, unlike certain other fuels, may be altered. Oil companies are working on a number of products that will result in a cleaner burn and lower carbon emissions.

What is the shelf life of a 55 Gallon Drum Kerosene?

When stored in original packaging or an appropriate container, a 55 gallon drum kerosene has a shelf life of up to 5 years. Condensation adds water to kerosene as it becomes older. Bacteria and mold will produce sludge, which will degrade the fuel. Kerosene’s life can be increased by adding a fuel stabilizer once a year.

Why do planes use 55 Gallon Drum Kerosene?

Kerosene is used in planes for five reasons:

  • The freezing point is low.
  • It is viscous and has a low viscosity.
  • Combustion is high.
  • It’s inexpensive.
  • It’s generally seen as a safe option.

The low freezing point of 55 gallon drum kerosene is one of the key reasons why aircraft use it. The freezing point of aviation kerosene is -47 degrees Celsius. Planes fly at incredibly high altitudes, which means they spend a significant amount of time in sub-zero conditions. As a result, planes must utilize fuel with a low freezing point, such as kerosene, to ensure that the fuel does not solidify during the flight.

Kerosene is more flammable than diesel, which gives it the explosive burning properties needed for takeoff. Diesel’s lack of flammability, in fact, would not be a problem.

When compared to gasoline, aviation kerosene is less viscous during flight, making it the preferable fuel for jet aircraft. High viscosity liquids are viscous, sticky, and gluey – not good properties for jet fuel!

Because of its low freezing point, kerosene retains a low viscosity during flights. This means the plane will continue to fly normally and the engine will not become clogged.

Kerosene is significantly less expensive than gasoline, making it a more cost-effective option for aircraft. Flights are costly, therefore it’s critical for airlines to employ a less expensive fuel source without jeopardizing safety.

Can 55 gallon drum kerosene be used as a cleaning agent ?

Another interesting fact about kerosene and 55 gallon drum kerosene is that it may be used to remove old lubricating oil from bicycle and motorbike chains before relubrication. It performs admirably and simplifies the task at hand. It also works well as a barrier fuel, separating fuels so that they don’t get contaminated when being pumped via a hose.

Differences between kerosene and diesel

55 Gallon Drum Kerosene vs diesel

Extraction of diesel and kerosene

Diesel and kerosene are petroleum fuels that are extracted after oil is refined. They are simple and complicated hydrocarbon chains that make up the molecular components of crude oil. The boiling temperatures of these components are used to separate them during the distillation process. Others have a boiling point that is lower than that of water. Gasoline is one of them, and it evaporates quickly when put on the ground.

Kerosene is extracted first because it contains fewer hydrocarbons and so has a lower boiling point than diesel. After the kerosene, the diesel is removed. Before being utilized, any of these fuels can be blended with additives to increase their quality.

Structure of diesel and kerosene

The structure of kerosene usually has 12 to 15 carbon atoms. Straight and branched hydrocarbons can be found in it. Diesel, on the other hand, has a stiff molecular structure with 16 carbon atoms and 34 hydrogen atoms. The length of these chains can vary.

Application of kerosene and diesel

The most common application of 55 gallon drum kerosene is in residential heating and cooling systems. It was also commonly used in ancient lamps. In certain nations, kerosene and paraffin are used interchangeably. However, kerosene emits more soot than paraffin, especially in lamps, which blocks light. Meanwhile, because of its low CO2 emissions, diesel is the ideal alternative to gasoline in autos. Because of its strength and cost-effectiveness, it is also employed in a variety of industrial machines.